Okinawa Island (沖縄本島, Okinawa-hontō , alternatively 沖縄島 Okinawa-jima;okinawan: ウチナー Uchinaa;nakijin: フチナー Fuchinaa) is the largest of the okinawa islands and the ryukyu (Nansei) Islands of japan, and is home to naha, the capital of okinawa prefecture. The island has an area of 1,201.03 square kilometers (463.72 sq mi). It is roughly 640 kilometres (400 mi) south of the rest of Japan.
History Okinawa Te
Okinawan martial arts refers to the martial arts which originated among the indigenous people of Okinawa Island in Japan, most notably karate, tegumi, and Okinawan kobudō.Due to its central location, Okinawa was influenced by various cultures such as Japan and China, with a long history of trade and cultural exchange with China that greatly influenced the development of martial arts on Okinawa.
In 1429, the three kingdoms on Okinawa unified to form the kingdom of ryu kuy. When King sho shin came into power in 1477, he banned the practice of martial arts. Tō-te and okinawan kobudo continued to be taught in secret. The ban was continued in 1609 after Okinawa was invaded by the satsuma domain of Japan. The bans contributed to the development of okinawan kobudo, which uses common household and farming implements as weaponry. The Okinawans combined Chinese martial arts with the existing local variants to form Tōde (唐手, Tuudii T'ang hand, China hand), sometimes called Okinawa-te (沖縄手).
By the 18th century, different types of Te had developed in three different villages – naha,shuri, and tomari. The styles were named Naha-te, Shuri-te, and Tomari-te, respectively. Practitioners from these three villages went on to develop modern karate. Well into the 20th century, the martial arts of Okinawa were generally referred to as te 手, which is japanese for "hand". Te often varied from one town to another, so to distinguish among the various types of te, the word was often prefaced with its area of origin; for example, Naha-te, Shuri-te, or Tomari-te. Naha-te, Shuri-te and Tomari-te belong to a family of martial arts that were collectively defined as Tode-jutsu or To-de. By the 1930s, a number of formal organizations were founded to oversee Okinawan martial arts, and due to their influence, the word karate came to be widely accepted as a generic term for all sorts of Okinawan unarmed martial arts. With the popularity of the term karate, the practice of naming a type of martial art after its area of origin declined.